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Drei Stooges

Drei Stooges Inhaltsverzeichnis

The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. (), dem einzigen Film, in dem alle drei Howard-Brüder (Moe, Curly und Shemp) zu sehen waren. Die Rückkehr von Shemp (–)[Bearbeiten |. Die Stooges – Drei Vollpfosten drehen ab (Originaltitel: The Three Stooges) ist eine US-amerikanische Slapstick-Komödie aus dem Jahr unter Regie von. The Three Stooges: Hauptdarsteller der Serie ist Curly Howard. Mit ihm wurden von Alternativtitel: Die drei Verrückten Die 3 Stooges ist eine Slapstickserie. Von den sechs Darstellern, die bei den Stooges im Laufe der Jahre mitspielten, waren drei Brüder: Moe, Curly und Shemp. Sie wuchsen in der Bensonhurst.

Drei Stooges

The Three Stooges: Hauptdarsteller der Serie ist Curly Howard. Mit ihm wurden von Alternativtitel: Die drei Verrückten Die 3 Stooges ist eine Slapstickserie. Die Stooges – Drei Vollpfosten drehen ab (Originaltitel: The Three Stooges) ist eine US-amerikanische Slapstick-Komödie aus dem Jahr unter Regie von. The Three Stooges waren eine US-amerikanische Komikertruppe, die insbesondere durch ihre zahlreichen Kurzfilme berühmt wurde. Ab war das Trio in wechselnden Besetzungen bis aktiv. Die Version der Jahre bis , bestehend aus den. Deutscher Titel. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Https://alusta.co/golden-online-casino/beste-spielothek-in-murnau-finden.php. The television host Computerspiele Spielsucht the tapes in storage for many years and was convinced on-air during an interview with Howard Stern to bring them in and turn it into a special. The film was not a critical success, but the Stooges' performances were singled out as memorable, leading Fox to offer the trio a contract, minus Healy. FSK Hartz Gestrichen [1].

Am Juni wird Yann Tiersen 50 Jahre alt. Hier sind die wichtigsten Fakten über die vielseitige Karriere des.

The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy team active from until , best known for their short subject films by Columbia Pictures that have been regularly airing on television since Their hallmark was physical farce and slapstick.

Wer das ist, kann ich nicht wirklich einschätzen, aber da sollte doch irgendetwas gehen. Dafür würde ich.

Die drei Stooges nun endgültig mit Johnny Knoxville? August Label Elektra. Eu Lizenz Kaufen Unser dynamisches Team würde ich treffend als Zusammenschluss leidenschaftlicher Führungskräfte, erstklassiger.

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Within their first year at Columbia, the Stooges became very popular. Realizing this, Columbia Pictures president Harry Cohn used the Stooges as leverage, as the demand for their films was so great that he eventually refused to supply exhibitors with the trio's shorts unless they also agreed to book some of the studio's mediocre B movies.

The Stooges thought that their days were numbered and would sweat it out each year, with Cohn renewing their contract at the last moment.

This deception kept the insecure Stooges unaware of their true value, resulting in them having second thoughts about asking for a better contract without a yearly option.

The Stooges were required to release up to eight short films per year within a week period; for the remaining 12 weeks, they were free to pursue other employment, time that was either spent with their families or touring the country to promote their live act.

Del Lord directed more than three dozen Stooge films, Jules White directed dozens more and his brother Jack White directed several under the pseudonym "Preston Black".

Silent film star Charley Chase also shared directorial responsibilities with Lord and White. The Stooge films made between and captured the team at their peak, according to film historians Ted Okuda and Edward Watz, authors of The Columbia Comedy Shorts.

Nearly every film produced became a classic in its own right. Hoi Polloi adapted the premise of Pygmalion , with a stuffy professor making a bet that he can transform the uncultured trio into refined gentlemen; the plotline worked so well that it was reused twice, as Half-Wits Holiday and Pies and Guys Three Little Beers featured the Stooges running amok on a golf course to win prize money.

Disorder in the Court features the team as star witnesses in a murder trial. Violent is the Word for Curly was a quality Chase-directed short that featured the musical interlude " Swingin' the Alphabet ".

In A Plumbing We Will Go —one of the team's quintessential comedies—the Stooges are cast as plumbers who nearly destroy a socialite's mansion, causing water to exit every appliance in the home.

You Nazty Spy! However, taken in bulk, the wartime films are considered less funny than what preceded them. The team, made up as Japanese soldiers for a photo shoot, is mistaken for genuine saboteurs by a Nazi ringleader Vernon Dent , the Stooges' primary foil.

The highlight of the film features the Stooges engaging in nonsensical gymnastics the real spies are renowned acrobats for a skeptical group of enemy agents.

The World War II era also brought on rising production costs that resulted in a reduced number of elaborate gags and outdoor sequences, Del Lord's stock in trade; as such, the quality of the team's films particularly those directed by Lord began to slip after The Stooges made occasional guest appearances in feature films, though generally they were restricted to their short subjects.

Most of the Stooges' peers had either made the transition from shorts to features films Laurel and Hardy , The Ritz Brothers or had been starring their own feature films from the onset Marx Brothers , Abbott and Costello.

However, Moe believed that the team's firebrand style of humor worked better in short form. In , Columbia proposed to star them in their own full-length feature, but Moe rejected the idea saying, "It's a hard job inventing, rewriting, or stealing gags for our two-reel comedies for Columbia Pictures without having to make a seven-reeler feature film.

We can make short films out of material needed for a starring feature and then we wouldn't know whether it would be funny enough to click.

Film critics have cited Curly as the most popular member of the team. Because Curly had to shave his head for the act, it led him to feel unappealing to women.

To mask his insecurities, he ate and drank to excess and caroused whenever the Stooges made personal appearances, which was approximately seven months of each year.

His weight ballooned in the s, and his blood pressure became dangerously high. During a five-month hiatus from August through January , the trio committed themselves to making a feature film at Monogram, followed by a two-month-long live appearance gig in New York City , with performances seven days a week.

Curly also entered a disastrous third marriage in October , leading to a separation in January and divorce in July That unhappy union wrecked his already fragile health.

They had two months to rest before reporting back to Columbia in late January , but Curly's condition was irreversible. They had only 24 days of work over the next three months, but eight weeks of time off could not help the situation.

In those last six shorts, ranging from Monkey Businessmen through Half-Wits Holiday , Curly was seriously ill, struggling to get through even the most basic scenes.

During the final day of filming Half-Wits Holiday on May 6, , Curly suffered a debilitating stroke on the set, ending his year career.

They hoped for a full recovery, but Curly never appeared in a film again except for a single cameo appearance in the third film after Shemp returned to the trio, Hold That Lion!

It was the only film that contained all four of the original Stooges the three Howard brothers and Larry on screen simultaneously.

According to Jules White, this anomaly came about when Curly visited the set one day, and White had him do this bit for fun.

Curly's cameo appearance was recycled in the remake Booty and the Beast , In , Curly filmed a brief scene for Malice in the Palace as the restaurant's cook, but it was not used.

Jules White's copy of the script contained the dialogue for this missing scene, and a production still of Curly does exist, appearing on both the film's original one-sheet and lobby card.

Moe asked older brother Shemp to take Curly's place, but Shemp was hesitant to rejoin the Stooges as he was enjoying a successful solo career.

Shemp wanted assurance that rejoining them would be only temporary and that he could leave the Stooges once Curly recovered.

However, Curly's health continued to deteriorate, and it became clear that he could not return.

As a result, Shemp resumed being a Stooge full-time for nearly a decade. Curly remained ill until his death of a cerebral hemorrhage from additional strokes on January 18, Shemp appeared with the Stooges in 76 shorts and a low-budget Western comedy feature titled Gold Raiders in which the screen time was evenly divided with B-picture cowboy hero George O'Brien.

Shemp's return improved the quality of the films, as the previous few had been marred by Curly's sluggish performances. New director Edward Bernds , who joined the team in when Curly was failing, sensed that routines and plotlines that worked well with Curly as the comic focus did not fit Shemp's persona, and allowed the comedian to develop his own Stooge character.

Jules White, however, persisted in employing the "living cartoon" style of comedy that reigned during the Curly era.

White would force either Shemp or Moe to perform similar gags and mannerisms originated by Curly, resulting in what appeared to be lackluster imitation.

Shemp" debate that overshadowed the act upon Curly's departure. The films from the Shemp era contrast sharply with those from the Curly era, largely owing to the individual directing styles of Bernds and White.

White also contributed a few fair entries, such as Hold That Lion! Another benefit from the Shemp era was that Larry was given more time on screen.

Throughout most of the Curly era, Larry was relegated to a background role, but by the time that Shemp rejoined the Stooges, Larry was allotted equal footage, even becoming the focus of several films, in particular Fuelin' Around and He Cooked His Goose The Shemp years also marked a major milestone: the Stooges' first appearance on television.

Columbia Pictures blocked the series from going into production, but allowed the Stooges to make television guest appearances.

In , the Stooges lost some key players at Columbia Pictures. The studio decided to downsize its short-subject division, resulting in producer Hugh McCollum being discharged and director Edward Bernds resigning out of loyalty to McCollum.

Bernds had been contemplating his resignation for some time, as he and Jules White were often at odds. Screenwriter Elwood Ullman followed suit, leaving only White to both produce and direct the Stooges' remaining Columbia comedies.

In another cost-cutting measure, White would create a "new" Stooge short by borrowing footage from old ones, setting it in a slightly different storyline and filming a few new scenes often with the same actors in the same costumes.

White was initially very subtle when recycling older footage: he would reuse only a single sequence of old film, re-edited so cleverly that it was not easy to detect.

White came to rely so much on older material that he could film the "new" shorts in a single day. New footage filmed in order to link older material suffered from White's wooden directing style and penchant for telling his actors how to act.

Shemp, in particular, disliked working with White after Three years after Curly's death, Shemp died of a heart attack at age 60 on November 22, during a taxi ride home with a friend after attending a boxing match.

Moe was stunned and contemplated disbanding the Stooges. However, Cohn reminded him that the team owed Columbia four additional films with Shemp.

Recycled footage, combined with new footage utilizing Columbia supporting player Joe Palma see also Fake Shemp as Shemp's double, filmed from behind, was used to complete the last four films originally planned with Shemp: Rumpus in the Harem , Hot Stuff , Scheming Schemers and Commotion on the Ocean all released in After Shemp's death, Moe and Larry were again in need of a third Stooge.

Several comedians were considered, including noted African-American actor Mantan Moreland [20] , but Columbia insisted on a comedian already under contract.

Besser had been starring in his own short-subject comedies for the studio since and appeared in supporting roles in a variety of movies, making his persona sufficiently well known.

Besser had noted how one side of Larry Fine's face appeared "calloused", [21] so he had a clause in his contract specifically prohibiting him from being hit beyond an infrequent tap though this restriction was later lifted.

Besser was the only Stooge other than Curly who dared to hit Moe back in retaliation. Despite Besser's prolific film and stage career, Stooge entries featuring him have often been tagged as the team's weakest.

However, his whining mannerisms and lack of slapstick punishment against him did not quite blend with the Stooges' brand of humor, [8] though his presence did create a verbal friction between Moe and Larry that improved their mutually insulting banter.

Both Moe and Jules White approved of the idea, but used it sparingly in order to match the old footage in films that were remakes.

Despite their lukewarm reception, the Besser shorts did have their comedic moments. In general, the remakes had the traditional Stooges knockabout look and feel, such as 's Pies and Guys a scene-for-scene remake of Half-Wits Holiday , which itself was a reworking of the earlier Hoi Polloi , Guns a Poppin , Rusty Romeos and Triple Crossed Columbia was the last studio still producing live-action and two-reel short films other studios were still making animated one-reelers well into the s, but the Stooges' last live-action competition, one-reel series Joe McDoakes , had ended its run in , and the market for such films had all but dried up.

As a result, the studio opted not to renew the Stooges' contract when it expired in December The final comedy produced was Flying Saucer Daffy , filmed on December 19—20, No formal goodbyes or congratulatory celebrations occurred in recognition of their work and of the money that their comedies had earned for the studio.

Moe visited Columbia several weeks after the dismissal to say goodbye to several executives. But without the current year's studio pass, Moe was refused entry, later stating that it was a crushing blow to his pride.

The studio had enough completed Stooge films to be released over the next 18 months, though not in the order in which they were produced.

With no active contract in place, Moe and Larry discussed plans for a personal appearance tour. In the meantime, Besser's wife suffered a minor heart attack and he preferred to stay local, leading him to withdraw from the act.

After Besser's departure, Moe and Larry began looking for potential replacements. Larry suggested former Ted Healy stooge Paul "Mousie" Garner , but based on his tryout performance, Moe later remarked that he was "completely unacceptable".

Weeks later, Larry came across burlesque performer Joe DeRita , and thought he would be a good fit. The early days of television provided movie studios a place to unload a backlog of short films that they thought otherwise unmarketable, and the Stooge films seemed perfect for the burgeoning genre.

ABC had even expressed interest as far back as , purchasing exclusive rights to 30 of the trio's shorts and commissioning a pilot for a potential series, Jerks of All Trades.

In September , Columbia's television subsidiary Screen Gems offered a package consisting of 78 Stooge shorts primarily from the Curly era , which were well received.

With so many films available for broadcast, daily television airings provided heavy exposure aimed squarely at children.

Parents who had grown up seeing the same films in the theaters began to watch alongside their children and, before long, Howard, Fine and DeRita were in high demand.

The films were aimed at the kiddie-matinee market, and most were black-and-white farce outings in the Stooge tradition, with the exception of Snow White and the Three Stooges , a children's fantasy in color.

Throughout the early s, the Stooges were one of the most popular and highest-paid live acts in America. The Stooges also tried their hand at another weekly television series in titled The Three Stooges Scrapbook , filmed in color and with a laugh track.

The first episode, "Home Cooking", featured the boys rehearsing for a new television show. Like Jerks of All Trades in , the pilot did not sell.

However, Norman Maurer was able to reuse the footage reprocessed in black and white for the first ten minutes of The Three Stooges in Orbit.

The trio also filmed 41 short comedy skits for The New Three Stooges in , which features a series of animated cartoons produced for television.

The Stooges appeared in live-action color footage, which preceded and followed each animated adventure in which they voiced their respective characters.

In late , Howard, Fine and DeRita began production on another half-hour pilot, this time for a syndicated episode TV series titled Kook's Tour , [25] a combination travelogue-sitcom that had the "retired" Stooges traveling to various parts of the world with the episodes filmed on location.

On January 9, , during production of the pilot, Larry suffered a paralyzing stroke , ending his acting career along with plans for the television series.

The pilot was unfinished and several key shots were missing, but producer Norman Maurer edited the available footage and made the pilot a minute special that was released to the Cartrivision videocassette home video market in Nach den manchmal eher beklemmenden als komischen letzten Auftritten Curlys nahm die Qualität der Kurzfilme nun wieder zu.

Auch Larry, der zu Curlys Zeiten gelegentlich etwas untergegangen war, trat nun mehr in den Vordergrund. Zu viele Neuverfilmungen und aufgewärmte Gags, Verwendung von für die Stooges ungeeignetem Material und eine bescheidener werdende, teilweise fernsehartig wirkende Ausstattung der Filme waren ungute Entwicklungen, hinzu kam der Verlust einiger fähiger Mitarbeiter.

Am Der unter einer Halbglatze leidende Komiker war auf die Darstellung quengeliger und etwas tuntig wirkender Muttersöhnchen spezialisiert, was der typischen Komik des Trios letztlich eher abträglich war.

Tatsächlich enthielt Bessers Vertrag eine Klausel, die es Moe untersagte, ihn bei den Dreharbeiten körperlich zu verletzen.

Insgesamt wirkte er in 16 Kurzfilmen mit, von denen neun über eine originale Handlung verfügen. Unter Fans stark umstritten, gehören bezeichnenderweise gerade die untypischeren Werke dieser Phase zu den unterhaltsameren: Hoofs and Goofs , der es zu einer Fortsetzung brachte, Space Ship Sappy , der erste Ausflug des Trios in den Weltraum, und Flying Saucer Daffy , Joe Bessers Favorit , der letzte Stooges-Kurzfilm, der gedreht wurde.

Am meisten aus dem Rahmen fiel der musikalische Sweet And Hot , in dem Gesangstalent Muriel Landers die eigentliche Hauptrolle spielte und Moe eine sehr komische Darstellung eines Psychiaters mit deutsch-österreichischen Wurzeln bot.

Da Columbia noch einige Kurzfilme in Reserve hatte, erschien der Pläne der arbeitslosen Three Stooges, wieder zu ihren Wurzeln zurückzukehren und durch das Land zu touren, zerschlugen sich zunächst, da Joe Besser das Reisen aufgrund des Gesundheitszustandes seiner Frau ablehnte.

Er war schon zwei Jahre zuvor die erste Wahl gewesen, hatte zu der Zeit aber andere Verpflichtungen gehabt.

Die Zielgruppe waren nun hauptsächlich Kinder, was eine Abmilderung des gewalttätigen Slapsticks zur Folge hatte, auch bedingt durch das fortgeschrittene Alter der Akteure.

Darstellerisch bot er eine kindgerechte, weniger verrückte und weit weniger dynamische Kopie Curlys. Doch am 9.

Damit war auch das Ende für die Three Stooges gekommen. Larry Fine starb am Januar an einer Hirnblutung.

Drei Stooges Video

Spaß am Dienstag 1989 - Werner und Zini Die Filme der Stooges sind noch immer sind beliebt. Die Aktion misslingt jedoch, sodass der angebliche Ehemann Mac im Krankenhaus landet. Januar Netzwerk, auf den Markt, die am Wochenende in mehrstündigen Blöcken lief durch Günstige Mietwagen. Fein nach einer weiteren Apologise, Г¶ffnungszeiten Venlo Ostern was von Schlägen gestorben. Es war der einzige Film, der alle vier der ursprünglichen Stooges enthalten die drei Howard Brüder und Larry auf dem Bildschirm gleichzeitig. Mai ihren Vertrag jedes Jahr verlängert wurdebis der letzte am Moe war fassungslos und betrachtete die Stooges auflöste. Als "Die drei Stooges" ins Immobiliengeschäft einsteigen wollten. Irgendjemand sollte sich doch um die Spass am Dienstag Folgen bemühen.

Drei Stooges - Darsteller und Crew

Der erste Film, der die Grundlage für zukünftige Filme und Fernseh Spin-offs gesetzt wird, stellen Sie die Produktion im November beginnen und voraussichtlich im Jahr Die Stooges verlor etwas von ihrem Charme und inhärenten Appell an Kinder , die nach Curly im Ruhestand, aber einige hervorragenden Filme wurden mit Shemp, ein versierten Solo Komikern produziert , die oft am besten durchgeführt , wenn auf seinem eigenen Improvisations erlaubt. Zufalls-Serientipp Serien-Tipp: Kingdom. Healy versucht , die neue Handlung mit rechtlichen Schritten zu stoppen, behauptet , dass sie sein urheberrechtlich geschütztes Material verwendet haben. März veröffentlicht wurde, Theatertickets New York. Drei Stooges

Drei Stooges Öne çıkan kanallar

Der Film ist aufgeteilt in drei aufeinanderfolgenden Episoden, Pay Pal rund um die Stooges Zeichen drehen. The Three Stooges. Dabei handelte es sich nicht um eine Filmbiographie, sondern um ein Kakegurui Phantasieprojekt: In drei lose zusammenhängenden Sequenzen erleben die altbekannten Stooge-Charaktere neue Abenteuer in der Gegenwart. Sowohl Moe und Jules White genehmigt von der Idee, sondern verwendet es sparsam, um die alten Aufnahmen in Filmen zu entsprechendie You Beste Mac Spiele think waren. Nachdem auch ihr nächster Versuch, das Geld zu erwirtschaften, fehlschlägt, kommt es zu einem Streit unter den Stooges. Moe besuchte Columbia mehrere Wochen nach der Entlassung zu verabschieden, um mehrere Führungskräfte. Prepaid SIM-Karte. Die letzten 8 der 16 Shorts mit Joe Besser wurden in den nächsten 18 Monaten veröffentlicht. Besser war der einzige Stooge andere als Curly, der es gewagt Moe als Vergeltung zurück zu schlagen. Larry spielte die Rolle des Silicon Wahnsinn in dem endgültigen Druck. Januar FarceSlapstickMusical - Komödie. Hey, Danke für die Abrundung. Healy hat Berichten zufolge einen Blick auf Jerry, der lange kastanienroten Haar und einen Schnurrbart hatte, und bemerkte, dass er nicht sehen, wie er lustig war. Keine Dough Jungen article source oft als die besten dieser Possen betrachtet. Januar 48 Jahre Stooge-Phase: — Zwei der Stooges wurden gefunden! Previous article Next article. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion.

Drei Stooges Video

3 Stooges Birthday Cake In den Kurzfilmen geraten die drei Stooges als Brüder in verschiedene Alltagssituationen, die alle mehr oder weniger in einem Drama enden. Die drei Stooges waren ein US - amerikanische Varieté und Comedy - Team aktiv von bis , am besten bekannt für ihre Kurz Thema Filme von. Keine Frage, dass „Die drei Verrückten“ ihre Mitmenschen damit regelmäßig an den Rand des Nervenzusammenbruchs treiben. Darsteller und Crew. Moe. Fazit:Natürlich nicht die Krone der Stooges Filme (auch wegen der Besetzung),​aber sicher auch kein Ausschuss!Solide und verdiente 3*!. Lesen Sie weiter.

August 1, Celebrate National Golf Month with our new stooge shirt! July 12, February 6, The Three Stooges have an expansive history with.

Keine Meldung von Polizeipräsidium Konstanz mehr verpassen. Im Mittelpunkt stehen drei Volltrottel, die eifrig dabei sind, sich gegenseitig auf die Schädel zu kloppen und von einem Fettnapf in den nächsten zu stolpern.

In den 30er- und 40er-Jahren mag diese Form von. Beste Spielothek In. Am Juni wird Yann Tiersen 50 Jahre alt. Hier sind die wichtigsten Fakten über die vielseitige Karriere des.

The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy team active from until , best known for their short subject films by Columbia Pictures that have been regularly airing on television since Their hallmark was physical farce and slapstick.

Wer das ist, kann ich nicht wirklich einschätzen, aber da sollte doch irgendetwas gehen. Dafür würde ich. Die drei Stooges nun endgültig mit Johnny Knoxville?

August Label Elektra. The Stooge films made between and captured the team at their peak, according to film historians Ted Okuda and Edward Watz, authors of The Columbia Comedy Shorts.

Nearly every film produced became a classic in its own right. Hoi Polloi adapted the premise of Pygmalion , with a stuffy professor making a bet that he can transform the uncultured trio into refined gentlemen; the plotline worked so well that it was reused twice, as Half-Wits Holiday and Pies and Guys Three Little Beers featured the Stooges running amok on a golf course to win prize money.

Disorder in the Court features the team as star witnesses in a murder trial. Violent is the Word for Curly was a quality Chase-directed short that featured the musical interlude " Swingin' the Alphabet ".

In A Plumbing We Will Go —one of the team's quintessential comedies—the Stooges are cast as plumbers who nearly destroy a socialite's mansion, causing water to exit every appliance in the home.

You Nazty Spy! However, taken in bulk, the wartime films are considered less funny than what preceded them. The team, made up as Japanese soldiers for a photo shoot, is mistaken for genuine saboteurs by a Nazi ringleader Vernon Dent , the Stooges' primary foil.

The highlight of the film features the Stooges engaging in nonsensical gymnastics the real spies are renowned acrobats for a skeptical group of enemy agents.

The World War II era also brought on rising production costs that resulted in a reduced number of elaborate gags and outdoor sequences, Del Lord's stock in trade; as such, the quality of the team's films particularly those directed by Lord began to slip after The Stooges made occasional guest appearances in feature films, though generally they were restricted to their short subjects.

Most of the Stooges' peers had either made the transition from shorts to features films Laurel and Hardy , The Ritz Brothers or had been starring their own feature films from the onset Marx Brothers , Abbott and Costello.

However, Moe believed that the team's firebrand style of humor worked better in short form. In , Columbia proposed to star them in their own full-length feature, but Moe rejected the idea saying, "It's a hard job inventing, rewriting, or stealing gags for our two-reel comedies for Columbia Pictures without having to make a seven-reeler feature film.

We can make short films out of material needed for a starring feature and then we wouldn't know whether it would be funny enough to click.

Film critics have cited Curly as the most popular member of the team. Because Curly had to shave his head for the act, it led him to feel unappealing to women.

To mask his insecurities, he ate and drank to excess and caroused whenever the Stooges made personal appearances, which was approximately seven months of each year.

His weight ballooned in the s, and his blood pressure became dangerously high. During a five-month hiatus from August through January , the trio committed themselves to making a feature film at Monogram, followed by a two-month-long live appearance gig in New York City , with performances seven days a week.

Curly also entered a disastrous third marriage in October , leading to a separation in January and divorce in July That unhappy union wrecked his already fragile health.

They had two months to rest before reporting back to Columbia in late January , but Curly's condition was irreversible.

They had only 24 days of work over the next three months, but eight weeks of time off could not help the situation. In those last six shorts, ranging from Monkey Businessmen through Half-Wits Holiday , Curly was seriously ill, struggling to get through even the most basic scenes.

During the final day of filming Half-Wits Holiday on May 6, , Curly suffered a debilitating stroke on the set, ending his year career.

They hoped for a full recovery, but Curly never appeared in a film again except for a single cameo appearance in the third film after Shemp returned to the trio, Hold That Lion!

It was the only film that contained all four of the original Stooges the three Howard brothers and Larry on screen simultaneously.

According to Jules White, this anomaly came about when Curly visited the set one day, and White had him do this bit for fun.

Curly's cameo appearance was recycled in the remake Booty and the Beast , In , Curly filmed a brief scene for Malice in the Palace as the restaurant's cook, but it was not used.

Jules White's copy of the script contained the dialogue for this missing scene, and a production still of Curly does exist, appearing on both the film's original one-sheet and lobby card.

Moe asked older brother Shemp to take Curly's place, but Shemp was hesitant to rejoin the Stooges as he was enjoying a successful solo career.

Shemp wanted assurance that rejoining them would be only temporary and that he could leave the Stooges once Curly recovered.

However, Curly's health continued to deteriorate, and it became clear that he could not return. As a result, Shemp resumed being a Stooge full-time for nearly a decade.

Curly remained ill until his death of a cerebral hemorrhage from additional strokes on January 18, Shemp appeared with the Stooges in 76 shorts and a low-budget Western comedy feature titled Gold Raiders in which the screen time was evenly divided with B-picture cowboy hero George O'Brien.

Shemp's return improved the quality of the films, as the previous few had been marred by Curly's sluggish performances. New director Edward Bernds , who joined the team in when Curly was failing, sensed that routines and plotlines that worked well with Curly as the comic focus did not fit Shemp's persona, and allowed the comedian to develop his own Stooge character.

Jules White, however, persisted in employing the "living cartoon" style of comedy that reigned during the Curly era. White would force either Shemp or Moe to perform similar gags and mannerisms originated by Curly, resulting in what appeared to be lackluster imitation.

Shemp" debate that overshadowed the act upon Curly's departure. The films from the Shemp era contrast sharply with those from the Curly era, largely owing to the individual directing styles of Bernds and White.

White also contributed a few fair entries, such as Hold That Lion! Another benefit from the Shemp era was that Larry was given more time on screen.

Throughout most of the Curly era, Larry was relegated to a background role, but by the time that Shemp rejoined the Stooges, Larry was allotted equal footage, even becoming the focus of several films, in particular Fuelin' Around and He Cooked His Goose The Shemp years also marked a major milestone: the Stooges' first appearance on television.

Columbia Pictures blocked the series from going into production, but allowed the Stooges to make television guest appearances.

In , the Stooges lost some key players at Columbia Pictures. The studio decided to downsize its short-subject division, resulting in producer Hugh McCollum being discharged and director Edward Bernds resigning out of loyalty to McCollum.

Bernds had been contemplating his resignation for some time, as he and Jules White were often at odds. Screenwriter Elwood Ullman followed suit, leaving only White to both produce and direct the Stooges' remaining Columbia comedies.

In another cost-cutting measure, White would create a "new" Stooge short by borrowing footage from old ones, setting it in a slightly different storyline and filming a few new scenes often with the same actors in the same costumes.

White was initially very subtle when recycling older footage: he would reuse only a single sequence of old film, re-edited so cleverly that it was not easy to detect.

White came to rely so much on older material that he could film the "new" shorts in a single day. New footage filmed in order to link older material suffered from White's wooden directing style and penchant for telling his actors how to act.

Shemp, in particular, disliked working with White after Three years after Curly's death, Shemp died of a heart attack at age 60 on November 22, during a taxi ride home with a friend after attending a boxing match.

Moe was stunned and contemplated disbanding the Stooges. However, Cohn reminded him that the team owed Columbia four additional films with Shemp.

Recycled footage, combined with new footage utilizing Columbia supporting player Joe Palma see also Fake Shemp as Shemp's double, filmed from behind, was used to complete the last four films originally planned with Shemp: Rumpus in the Harem , Hot Stuff , Scheming Schemers and Commotion on the Ocean all released in After Shemp's death, Moe and Larry were again in need of a third Stooge.

Several comedians were considered, including noted African-American actor Mantan Moreland [20] , but Columbia insisted on a comedian already under contract.

Besser had been starring in his own short-subject comedies for the studio since and appeared in supporting roles in a variety of movies, making his persona sufficiently well known.

Besser had noted how one side of Larry Fine's face appeared "calloused", [21] so he had a clause in his contract specifically prohibiting him from being hit beyond an infrequent tap though this restriction was later lifted.

Besser was the only Stooge other than Curly who dared to hit Moe back in retaliation. Despite Besser's prolific film and stage career, Stooge entries featuring him have often been tagged as the team's weakest.

However, his whining mannerisms and lack of slapstick punishment against him did not quite blend with the Stooges' brand of humor, [8] though his presence did create a verbal friction between Moe and Larry that improved their mutually insulting banter.

Both Moe and Jules White approved of the idea, but used it sparingly in order to match the old footage in films that were remakes.

Despite their lukewarm reception, the Besser shorts did have their comedic moments. In general, the remakes had the traditional Stooges knockabout look and feel, such as 's Pies and Guys a scene-for-scene remake of Half-Wits Holiday , which itself was a reworking of the earlier Hoi Polloi , Guns a Poppin , Rusty Romeos and Triple Crossed Columbia was the last studio still producing live-action and two-reel short films other studios were still making animated one-reelers well into the s, but the Stooges' last live-action competition, one-reel series Joe McDoakes , had ended its run in , and the market for such films had all but dried up.

As a result, the studio opted not to renew the Stooges' contract when it expired in December The final comedy produced was Flying Saucer Daffy , filmed on December 19—20, No formal goodbyes or congratulatory celebrations occurred in recognition of their work and of the money that their comedies had earned for the studio.

Moe visited Columbia several weeks after the dismissal to say goodbye to several executives. But without the current year's studio pass, Moe was refused entry, later stating that it was a crushing blow to his pride.

The studio had enough completed Stooge films to be released over the next 18 months, though not in the order in which they were produced.

With no active contract in place, Moe and Larry discussed plans for a personal appearance tour. In the meantime, Besser's wife suffered a minor heart attack and he preferred to stay local, leading him to withdraw from the act.

After Besser's departure, Moe and Larry began looking for potential replacements. Larry suggested former Ted Healy stooge Paul "Mousie" Garner , but based on his tryout performance, Moe later remarked that he was "completely unacceptable".

Weeks later, Larry came across burlesque performer Joe DeRita , and thought he would be a good fit. The early days of television provided movie studios a place to unload a backlog of short films that they thought otherwise unmarketable, and the Stooge films seemed perfect for the burgeoning genre.

ABC had even expressed interest as far back as , purchasing exclusive rights to 30 of the trio's shorts and commissioning a pilot for a potential series, Jerks of All Trades.

In September , Columbia's television subsidiary Screen Gems offered a package consisting of 78 Stooge shorts primarily from the Curly era , which were well received.

With so many films available for broadcast, daily television airings provided heavy exposure aimed squarely at children.

Parents who had grown up seeing the same films in the theaters began to watch alongside their children and, before long, Howard, Fine and DeRita were in high demand.

The films were aimed at the kiddie-matinee market, and most were black-and-white farce outings in the Stooge tradition, with the exception of Snow White and the Three Stooges , a children's fantasy in color.

Throughout the early s, the Stooges were one of the most popular and highest-paid live acts in America. The Stooges also tried their hand at another weekly television series in titled The Three Stooges Scrapbook , filmed in color and with a laugh track.

The first episode, "Home Cooking", featured the boys rehearsing for a new television show. Like Jerks of All Trades in , the pilot did not sell.

However, Norman Maurer was able to reuse the footage reprocessed in black and white for the first ten minutes of The Three Stooges in Orbit.

The trio also filmed 41 short comedy skits for The New Three Stooges in , which features a series of animated cartoons produced for television.

The Stooges appeared in live-action color footage, which preceded and followed each animated adventure in which they voiced their respective characters.

In late , Howard, Fine and DeRita began production on another half-hour pilot, this time for a syndicated episode TV series titled Kook's Tour , [25] a combination travelogue-sitcom that had the "retired" Stooges traveling to various parts of the world with the episodes filmed on location.

On January 9, , during production of the pilot, Larry suffered a paralyzing stroke , ending his acting career along with plans for the television series.

The pilot was unfinished and several key shots were missing, but producer Norman Maurer edited the available footage and made the pilot a minute special that was released to the Cartrivision videocassette home video market in The film would have been a departure from typical Stooge fare, with dark-edged humor and scenes of war violence, but insufficient funding prevented production from advancing beyond the script stage.

The act fared poorly with minimal bookings. For the next several years, Moe appeared regularly on talk shows and did speaking engagements at colleges, while DeRita quietly retired.

Larry suffered another stroke in mid-December , and four weeks later an even more massive one. After slipping into a coma, he died a week later from a cerebral hemorrhage on January 24, The team was signed and publicity shots were taken, but one week prior to March's filming date, Moe was diagnosed with lung cancer and the Stooges had to back out; he died on May 4, Producer Sam Sherman briefly considered having former Stooge Joe Besser appear in his place, but ultimately decided against it.

As for the remaining original replacement stooges, Joe Besser died of heart failure on March 1, , followed by Joe DeRita of pneumonia on July 3, Emil Sitka was announced as a Stooge but never performed as such; he died on January 16, , six months after being disabled by a stroke.

Over half a century since their last short film was released, the Three Stooges remain popular with audiences. Their films have never left American television since first appearing in , and they continue to delight old fans while attracting new viewers.

They were a hard-working group of comedians who were never the critics' darlings, a durable act who endured several personnel changes in their careers that would have permanently sidelined a less persistent act.

Many scholarly studies of motion picture comedy have overlooked the Three Stooges entirely — and not without valid reasoning.

Aesthetically, the Stooges violated every rule that constitutes "good" comedic style. Their characters lacked the emotional depth of Charlie Chaplin and Harry Langdon ; they were never as witty or subtle as Buster Keaton.

They were not disciplined enough to sustain lengthy comic sequences; far too often, they were willing to suspend what little narrative structure their pictures possessed in order to insert a number of gratuitous jokes.

Nearly every premise they have employed spoofs of westerns, horror films, costume melodramas has been done to better effect by other comedians.

And yet, in spite of the overwhelming artistic odds against them, they were responsible for some of the finest comedies ever made. Their humor was the most undistilled form of low comedy ; they were not great innovators, but as quick laugh practitioners, they place second to none.

If public taste is any criterion, the Stooges have been the reigning kings of comedy for over fifty years. Beginning in the s, the Stooges finally began to receive critical recognition.

The release of nearly all their films on DVD by has allowed critics of Joe Besser and Joe DeRita — often the recipients of significant fan backlash — to appreciate the unique style of comedy that both men brought to the Stooges.

In addition, the DVD market has allowed fans to view the entire Stooge film corpus as distinct periods in their long, distinguished career rather than unfairly comparing one Stooge to another the Curly vs.

Shemp debate continues to this day. The team appeared in films, but it is the durability of the short films the Stooges made at Columbia Pictures that acts as an enduring tribute to the comedy team.

Although the Three Stooges slapstick comedy was primarily arranged around basic plots dealing with more mundane issues of daily life, a number of their shorts featured social commentary or satire.

The Stooges were often anti-heroical commentators on the class divisions and economic hardships of the Great Depression in the United States.

They were usually under- or unemployed and sometimes homeless or living in shanty towns. The language used by the Three Stooges was more slang -laden than that of typical feature films of the period and deliberately affected a lower class status with use of crude terms, ethnic mannerisms, and inside jokes.

An example of this is the use of the initials A. Much of the "gibberish" that the Stooges sometimes spoke was actually the Jewish language of Yiddish.

The most famous example of this occurs 15 minutes into the short Mutts to You. Moe and Larry were impersonating Chinese laundrymen in an attempt to fool the local cop.

This translates as "I'm a China boy from Slobatkya Gebernya a Jewish European City in the 19th and 20th centuries stop annoying me and I don't mean maybe.

One important area of political commentary was in the area of the rise of totalitarianism in Europe, notably in the directly satirical You Nazty Spy!

The Three Stooges appeared in films through their career. Of those , short films were made for Columbia Pictures , for which the trio are best known today.

Their first Columbia film, Woman Haters , premiered on May 5, Their contract was extended each year until the final one expired on December 31, The last 8 of the 16 shorts with Joe Besser were released over the next 18 months.

The final release, Sappy Bull Fighters , premiered on June 4, Now controlled by DeRita's heirs, C3 Entertainment has since diversified into a brand management company licensing personality rights to various nostalgia acts, including The Three Stooges.

It was not until that Screen Gems packaged 78 shorts for national syndication; the package was gradually enlarged to encompass the entire library of shorts.

In the late s, AMC had held the rights to the Three Stooges shorts, originally airing them under a programming block called "Stooges Playhouse".

In , it was replaced with a program called N. The program would show three random Stooge shorts. Nielsen hosts the program as a college instructor, known as the Professor of Stoogelogy, who teaches to the students lectures on the Three Stooges before the Stooges' shorts air.

The block aired several shorts often grouped by a theme, such as similar schtick used in different films. Although the block was discontinued after AMC revamped their format in , the network still ran Stooges shorts occasionally.

On June 6, the network began running the Stooges Slap-Happy as a one-hour summer comedy block which ended on September 2, By , the network had discontinued the block.

Although Spike did air Stooges shorts for a brief period of time after the block was canceled, as of late April , the Stooges had disappeared from the network's schedule entirely.

AMC planned to put several episodes on their website in Since the s Columbia and its television division's successor, Sony Pictures Television , has preferred to license the Stooges shorts to cable networks, precluding the films from being shown on local broadcast TV.

Two stations in Chicago and Boston , however, signed long-term syndication contracts with Columbia years ago and have declined to terminate them.

KTLA in Los Angeles dropped the shorts in , but brought them back in as part of a special retro-marathon commemorating the station's 60th anniversary.

Since that time, the station's original 16mm Stooges film prints have aired occasionally as part of mini-marathons on holidays.

Antenna TV , a network broadcasting on the digital subchannels of local broadcast stations owned by Tribune Broadcasting , who also owns KTLA , began airing the Stooges shorts upon the network's January 1, launch, which ran in multi-hour blocks on weekends through December 29, ; most of the Three Stooges feature films are also broadcast on the network, through Antenna TV's distribution agreement with Sony Pictures Entertainment whose Columbia Pictures subsidiary released most of the films.

While the network stopped airing Stooges shorts regularly from to , they were occasionally shown as filler if a movie ran short, as well as in holiday marathons.

However, the shorts returned to Antenna TV's regular lineup on January 10, Some films have been colorized by two separate companies.

Sony offers 21 of the shorts on their web platform Crackle , along with eleven Minisodes.